Flexible ureteroscopy is a technique to treat problems inside the urinary tract. The technique is the most significant advance in the field of endo-urology.
In comparison to ureteroscopy that was performed earlier, flexible ureteroscopy uses scopes that are smaller and has an increases capability of deflection and instrumentation. The technique is advised by urologist to patients who are experiencing mild to severe problems in their lower abdomen region. To access the problems urologist suggests various tests and scans among which ureteroscopy is one of them.
The technique is very useful to detect the following problems inside the urinary tract:
- Abnormal tissue
The technique is very useful for patients who are suffering from kidney stones. The technique starts by administering anaesthesia to the patient, after this the urologist passes a small telescope called ureteroscope into the urethra via the urinary bladder.
The treatment generally lasts for 1-3 hours, small stones are removed as whole from the ureter while the larger ones require fragmentation, and this is done by using laser rays during the treatment. As soon as the stone gets fragmented they are removed. Sometimes the removal of stones may cause swelling of the ureter, to avoid this sometimes the urologist places a stent inside the ureters; this ensures that the ureters drain out urine in natural way.
Here are some advantages of ureteroscopy:
- The technique is very useful for patients having stones that are present at any position in the urinary tract.
- It is best for stones that cannot be clearly seen in x-rays.
- It is also safe for pregnant women.
- For those who are morbidly obese.
- For those who are on blood thinners.
- Risk associated with treatment
- The medical procedure involves some risks:
- Urinary tract Infection.
- Presence of blood in urine.
- Burning sensation while urinating.
- Stent pain.
- Formation of stricture.
- Perforation of the bladder or the ureter.
The recovery period is very less; most of the people go home the same day. Recovery generally depends on the patient and how well his/her body responds to the treatment. Sometimes the urologist advice hospital stay and this can be for 24-48 hours. Some people may feel a burning sensation during urination but this subsides within a day.
The urologist advises his patients to drink lots of fluids so that the fragmented stone can be flushed out easily. For early recovery the urologist prescribes antibiotics and painkillers.