DO’S AND DON’TS FOR KIDNEY STONE MANAGEMENT
Kidney stone formation can be prevented by following
- Specific diet chart. Diet can also improve the effects of medications.
- Dietary measures to prevent the risk of stone formation are listed below:
- Drink sufficient watern/juices to excrete more than 1.5-2 liters of urine per day
- Drink water/juices at regular interval
- Although water is the first choice, you can drink juices instead
- Always carry water with you
- Reduce consumption of protein food to a judicious level as diet with high I Protein content (e.g., meat fish, pulses, nuts and eggs) may lead to kidney stones
- Decrease the consumption of sugar(e.g., sucrose)as sugar also promotes stone formation
- Consume adequate amount of calcium everyday. You can get enough calcium from food items like milk(120MG/100G), Yogurt (120 MG/100G) and Cheese (700mg/100g)
- Reducing calcium intake may not decrease risk of stone formation but can lead to osteopenia. Mmoreover, reduced calcium consumption increases oxalate stone formation
- Daily eat raw fruits such as Melons, Papaya, Grapes, Bananas, etc., in large quantity in they provide water soluble fiber.
- Be active and exercise regularly to Lose your weight, which may be helpful.
- Avoid drinking a lot of Cofee/Tea and Alcoholic Beverages
- Avoid drinking too much carbonated drinks, sports drinks and sodas
- Avoid highly salted (e.g., canned food, ready to eat food snacks, etc.,) OR sugared foods.
- High salt intake increases the level of calcium in urine and hence increases the risk of stone formation. This risk increases with the combination of high salt and high protein foods.