Salta and different minerals, usually calcium and uric acid combine and harden to for kidney stones. When you are not consuming enough liquids which is leading to insufficient hydration, the concentration of minerals in your urine increases. This is the most common reason behind the formation of kidney stones.
These stones develop inside the kidneys and then pass through the urinary tract. While small kidney stones do not cause too much harm, larger kidney stones can cause a lot of pain and often lead to renal colic and haematuria. If you notice any of the symptoms, which include back pain, urinary urgency, pain during urinating, or even frequent episodes of nausea and vomiting along with intense pain, it is best to consult a urologist or a nephrologist. When you visit your doctor, he or she will run the following tests for Kidney Stones Diagnosis.
- Blood tests: Testing your blood helps determine the level of calcium or uric acid present. If the testing reveals that the concentrations of calcium and uric acid are more than normal then your doctor will want to monitor the health of your kidneys to check for other symptoms of kidney stone formation.
- Urine test: A twenty-four hours urine test is a common method of diagnosis when it comes to kidney stones. The test might show that you are excreting too many minerals or substances that can potentially form kidney stones or even too less of them, which means you are retaining these substances within your body. To confirm either of these cases, your doctor will want to test your urine for two consecutive days.
- Imaging: If the previous two diagnostic methods provide sufficient proof, then your doctor will recommend imaging to confirm. Imaging will show the clear picture and let you know if you do have kidney stones. Now, imaging can be various types. An abdominal x ray can be performed, which is one of the simplest methods. However, it will not capture the image of the smaller kidney stones. To determine if you have even tiny stones, the best method is the high speed or dual energy computerized tomography scan or more commonly known as the CT scan.
Analysing the stones passed through urine: Other than the urinary tests, you might also be asked to urinate over a strainer to see if any stones are passing out. These stones are then analysed to determine what exactly is causing their formation.