Technological advancements in medical science have led to the invention of many easy-to-do and quick treatments. All these treatments have become very convenient for the patients with severe issues. One such treatment which is replaced by the various minimally invasive treatments is the Open Surgery for kidney stones.
Patients suffering from the problem of kidney stones have increased in a significant number recently, but the invention and the use of some easy treatments have made their life and treatment a lot easier. One such treatment is the RIRS treatment for kidney stones.
What is RIRS Treatment for Kidney Stone?
RIRS or Retrograde Intra-renal surgery is a minimally invasive treatment used to treat patients with severe case of kidney stones. It falls into the category of minimally invasive as the entire procedure does not require any major incision or cut to be made. This treatment basically involves the procedure within the kidney using an observation tube. This observation tube is called as Fiberoptic in medical terms.
The entire procedure involved in the RIRS treatment takes relatively lesser recovery time and is carried out without much hassle. Steps involved in the same are-
- After the Urologist has given the patient a dose of general anaesthesia, he/she places a scope through the urinary opening into the bladder and then passes it through the ureter. It is finally placed into the urine-collecting part of the kidney.
- The scope has a small camera fitted at the end. This camera is used by the urologists to spot the kidney stones. There is a monitor screen present in the surgery room that displays the entire anatomy of the patient’s kidney captured by the scope. The urologists find the stones through this and carefully note down their size.
- Once the stones are spotted, next step is to crush them into fine powder or pieces. This is done through an ultrasound wave or a laser probe. Also, these fine pieces can pass easily through the urination process, if left behind.
- At last, a stent is attached to the urinary tract of the patient for 10/20 days so that he/she does not face any problem while urinating and the stone pieces can pass easily through the urine.
There are no major precautions to be taken after and before this treatment. Few pre-cautions are-
- The patient is advised to drink a lot of water after the treatment, for easy outlet of the crushed stone pieces.
- The patient is kept under observation for two days only. This is done to ensure that he/she develops no sign of infection.
In recent times, Delhi has become a hub of some excellent hospitals which provide RIRS treatment for kidney stones at reasonable rates. The urologists and the surgeons working in these hospitals are highly trained professionals of their field.