Kidney Stone, Prostate, Urology
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Kidney Stone Formation

Causes and Risk Factors of Kidney Stone

BEST KIDNEY AND URINARY SYSTEM STONE TREATMENT LASER TECHNOLOGIES 

NOW AT AFFORDABLE COST  in UROLIFE STONE HOSPITAL.

FACT: Stone sizes of 4 mm to large size upto 40 mm in Kidneys, Ureter and Bladder can be turned Into Fine Particles / Dust  by SOUND WAVES/LASER. 

COMMON CONCERNS 

WHEN KIDNEY STONES ARE DETECTED ,YOU NEED TESTS LIKE ULTRASOUND AND IVP /CT SCAN .
MOST STONE WHEN VERY SMALL MIGHT NOT BE DETECTED IN XRAY OR ULTRASOUND ,THEREAFTER CT SCAN IS INVESTIGATION OF CHOICE
 
FAQ
HOW DO I KNOW WHICH PROCEDURE CAN HELP ME WITHOUT SURGERY?
 
MOST STONES IF IN KIDNEYS AND UPPER URETER RESPOND WELL TO ESWL .
WE AT UROLIFE TREAT MAXIMUM STONES WITHOUT SURGERY AFTER DETAILED ANALYSIS OF STONE SIZE ,LOCATION AND HARDNESS.
 
WILL I NEED DJ STENT IF I AM GIVEN A CHOICE BY LITHOTRIPSY ?
ROUTINELY WE DO NOT USE DJ STENTING IF PATIENT CAN FOLLOW POST PROCEDURE  ADVICE .
 

WHY ARE CHARGES IN OTHER HOSPITALS VERY HIGH AND VARY SO MUCH ?

CHARGES FOR STONE REMOVAL DEPEND ON PROCEDURE ,ROOM STAY CONSULTATION FEE , CONSUMABLES , MEDICINES ETC.,BUT WE AT UROLIFE DO NOT HAVE SEPERATE CHARGES FOR ALL ABOVE AND FOR CLARITY CHARGE QUITE LESS AND IN A FIXED PACKAGE .THE PACKAGES ARE TOLD PRIOR TO PROCEDURE DURING CONSULTATION .

 

WHEN IS NON SURGICAL PROCEDURE IDEAL FOR ME ?

INVASIVE PROCEDURES ARE FAST AND PRECISE BUT INVOLVE ANAESTHESIA , BLOOD TRANSFUSION (IN FEW CASES ) BUT IF YOU ALREADY HAVE HAD A SURGICAL REMOVAL ITS MUCH NEEDED TO GO FOR A NON CUT PROCEDURE DEPENDING ON YOUR SUITABILITY .

 

I HAVE A 2 MM AND 3 MM STONE AND DECLARED UNFIT FOR MY MEDICAL FITNESS, WHAT IS MY SOLUTION ?

SUCH SMALL 2 TO 3 MM CASES ARE BEST TREATED BY US BY ULTRASOUND GUIDED LITHOTRIPSY WHEREAS OTHER HOSPITALS MIGHT OPT FOR RIRS TECHNOLOGY .RIRS IS QUITE EXPENSIVE AND MINIMALLY INVASIVE . 

 

Several factors increase the risk for developing kidney stones, including inadequate fluid intake and dehydration, reduced urinary volume, certain chemical levels in the urine that are too high (e.g., calcium, oxalate, uric acid) or too low (magnesium, citrate), and several medical conditions such as reflux, medullary sponge kidney, renal tubular acidosis and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Anything that blocks or reduces the flow of urine (e.g., urinary obstruction, genetic abnormalities) also increases the risk.

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Chemical risk factors include high levels of the following in the urine:

  • Calcium (hypercalciuria)
  • Cystine (cystinuria; caused by a genetic disorder)
  • Oxalate (hyperoxaluria)
  • Uric acid (hyperuricosuria)
  • Sodium (hypernaturesis)
  • Urine normally contains chemicals-citrate, magnesium, pyrophosphate-that help prevent the formation of crystals and stones.

Low levels of these inhibitors can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Of these, citrate is the most important.

The following medical conditions are also risk factors for kidney stone disease:

  • The following medical conditions are also risk factors for kidney stone disease:
  • Gout (caused by excessive uric acid in the blood) which leads to high urinary uric acid levels
  • Hyperparathyroidism (excessive parathyroid hormone, which causes calcium loss from bone)
  • Mdullary sponge kidney (MSK; a congenital kidney defect associated with urinary tract infections, low urinary citrate levels, and increased urinary calcium loss)
  • Renal tubular acidosis (inherited condition in which the kidneys are unable to excrete acid)
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs; affect kidney function and chemistry)

 

Diet plays an important role in the development of kidney stones, especially in patients who are predisposed to the condition. A diet high in sodium, fats, meat, and low in fiber, vegetable protein, and unrefined carbohydrates increases the risk for renal stone disease. Recurrent kidney stones may form in patients who are sensitive to the chemical by products of animal protein and who consume large amounts of meat.

Oxalate is found in, Red meat (beef, pork, mutton), vegetables (e.g., greens, spinach,), nuts, chocolate, coffee and strong tea. Stone formers should limit their intake of these items, which contain a moderate amount of oxalate.

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